The rates over the last decade are as follows: The minimum wage for liquor servers is currently $13.95 per hour. May 1, 2019. Dominant industries in PEI include agriculture, fisheries, and tourism. Effective as of June 1, 2020. to pay for child or spousal support. Prince Edward Island (PEI) has the smallest population among the provinces with an estimated 158,717 people. Effective as of January 1, 2018. Whether you want to negotiate a salary, plan your career or track employment trends, you should know how much workers earn in your region. For more details about Nunavut’s labour standards, click here. If you’re earning minimum wage and think you’re at the bottom of the food chain, don’t feel lonely. For more information about the minimum wage in New Brunswick and applicable legislation, click here. Some occupations are exempt from minimum wage standards including real estate brokers, some students in a work experience or off-campus education programs, municipal police service members, post-secondary academic staff, securities salespersons, and extras in a film or video production. The minimum wage in Canada is set by each province and territory; ranges from C$ 9.95 to C$11.00 per hour. There are also different minimum wages for hunting and fishing guides, and wilderness guides. Almost 1.3 million jobs will be lost if the federal minimum wage is increased to $9.5/hour. Student Minimum Wage: $13.15 Liquor Server Minimum Wage: $12.20. The current general minimum wage in Quebec is $13.10 per hour. $12.50. The minimum wage in Alberta is the highest in Canada at $15.00 per hour. The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. Living Wage Canada. For example, the maximum federal basic personal amount is up to $13,229 in 2020. The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. In 2010, Canada’s general minimum wage rates vary by province, from a low of $8 in British Columbia to a high of $10.25 in Ontario. Across Canada overall there were some 1.25 million people earning minimum wage, or about 8 per cent of the country’s 15.3 million salaried employees. In 2015, the highest rate ($11.49 per hour in the Northwest Territories) According to Statistics Canada, 63 per cent of minimum wage workers in Canada are between the ages of 15 and 24, and of these, 84 per cent live at home with their parents. On July 18, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an amended version of the Raise the Wage Act of 2019, which would gradually increase the federal minimum wage to … will rise to at least $15.20 on June 1, 2021. The next increase will see the minimum hourly wage increased to $10.15. Effective as of April 1, 2018. Quebec. The PEI minimum wage will increase to $13.00 on April 1, 2021. Ontario is Canada’s most populous province with an estimated population of 14,745,040 people as per Statistics Canada. However, the cost of dry cleaning a uniform made of wool or a heavy material can be deducted even if it causes the employee’s wages to fall below the minimum rate. Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees must be paid the minimum wage or higher. Counsellors and program staff at residential summer camps earn a minimum wage as follows: No amount is deducted from these wages for board and lodging. This non-refundable tax credit means you don’t pay any federal taxes on income below $13,229 in 2020. Sen, Rybczynski and Van De Wall (2011) found a small but statistically significant increase in poverty due to higher minimum wages: a 10% minimum wage increase was found to be significantly associated with a 4%-6% increase in the percentage of families living under Low Income Cut Offs (LICO) in Canada between 1981 and 2004. Additional hours may be negotiated without reference to the minimum wage. Salespersons must earn at least $598 per week and domestic employees who live in their employer’s home must earn at least $2,848 per month. The minimum wage today is worth 17% less than it was a decade ago. … The minimum wage rate in the Yukon over the years is as follows: A fair wage schedule sets the wage rates for workers on Government of Yukon public work contracts. Lowest Minimum Wage in Canada. This change represents a 2 per cent increase based on the 2019 Consumer Price Index for Whitehorse plus an additional $0.75. Unless specified otherwise, minimum wage rates for young workers are the same as for adult workers. Students under 18 years of age who work 28 hours per week or less can be paid $13.00 per hour. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. The minimum wage in B.C. Effective as of October 1, 2020. Effective as of April 1, 2018. As of October 1, 2019; $11.90/hr on Oct 1, 2020, As of January 1, 2018; $14.25/hr on Oct 1, 2020, As of October 1, 2019; $11.45/hr on Oct 1, 2020, This post may contain affiliate links. Minimum Wage Rates in Canada: 1965-2015 September 2015 Page 4 Inter-jurisdictional comparison of minimum wages While minimum wages in Canada range widely across the 13 jurisdic-tions (i.e., ten provinces and three territories), the differences are small. This article covers the current minimum wage in all ten provinces and three territories in Canada. Minimum-Wage.org provides a database of international minimum wage rates and labor law information for countries around the world. $13.10. All employers must pay employees the hourly minimum wage or higher. Depending on where you live in the world, your minimum wage could be less than $7 a day or just below $7 an hour. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) is the ninth-largest province in Canada by population size with an estimated 520,437 people in the second quarter of 2020. Minimum Wage in Canada. The minimum wage table that follows includes the most up-to-date current rate listing for all jurisdictions across Canada as well as any … The minimum wage in Nfld will return to being adjusted annually on April 1 relative to the Consumer Price Index. Just 20.8% of minimum wage earners are spouses that are working full time. View 76030 job postings in various locations on Job Bank, Canada's one-stop job board. Minimum Wages in Canada averaged 6.03 CAD/Hour from 1965 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14 CAD/Hour in 2018 and a record low of 1 CAD/Hour in 1966. The minimum wage in MB is adjusted annually on October 1 based on the inflation rate. The federal minimum wage for covered nonexempt employees is $7.25 per hour. The province has the highest total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of all the provinces and is a major manufacturing hub. The minimum wage in NU is reviewed annually on April 1. Incentive-based pay or commission-based pay must meet at least the minimum wage per hour worked. When employers provide meals and/or accommodation, employee wages may be reduced by up to a certain amount. Otherwise, they may face excess training and hiring costs. 13% of American workers earned the minimum wage … Learn how your comment data is processed. If an employee's wage is below the minimum wage, the employer must top up their payment so that it's equal to or greater than the minimum wage. He has a master's degree in Finance and Investment Management from the University of Aberdeen Business School and has a passion for helping others win with their finances. NL’s economy is dependent on natural resources and service industries. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Related: The Best Cash Back Apps in Canada. Adjusted for purchasing power parity (i.e., for the cost of living), Canada’s minimum wage of around $10 falls to around $7.59 U.S., just marginally higher than the U.S. minimum wage. On October 1, 2020, the minimum wage will increase to $12.15. The average minimum wage in Canada rose by 3.5% yearly from 1998 to 2018. View for more information. Most countries have a nation-wide minimum wage that all workers must be paid. For example, Category A Class workers (e.g. Saskatchewan has Canada’s lowest minimum wage, at $11.32 per hour, though this will rise to on 01 October 2020 in line with the Consumer Price Index and Average Hourly Wage. The minimum wage in Manitoba is one of the lowest in Canada at $11.65 per hour. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. The economy of Nunavut relies heavily on natural resources, fisheries, and tourism. View more information. The government adjusts the amount of the minimum wage twice a year – on 1 January and 1 July – in line with changes in average collectively agreed wages in the Netherlands. Starting on October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is set to increase by 25 cents to $14.25 per hour. 1. $12.50. That compares to $11.41 in 2017 and an increase of nearly 11%. The current minimum wage in British Columbia is $14.60 per hour. It also exempts live-in house keepers or babysitters where there is an arrangement in place for the employee to get time off with pay for hours worked in excess of 40 hours per week. Issue for the panel’s consideration 7. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines the minimum wage for employees in private and public sectors, in both Federal and State governments. Looking at weekly wages in the table below we see that the highest paid sector by a considerable margin is mining and oil/gas drilling, followed by work in the utilities: water, electricity and telecommunications.. The minimum wage is adjusted annually on October 1 each year relative to the Consumer Price Index. British Columbia has an estimated population of 5,120,184 people, making it the third most populous province in Canada. Federal/Provincial Minimum Wage. General Minimum Wage: $11.55. The average minimum wage in Canada rose by 3.5% yearly from 1998 to 2018. Examples include deductions to pay for destruction of property or equipment. Live-in camp leaders are paid a minimum daily rate of $116.86. Minimum Wage in Prince Edward Island 2020, Prince Edward Island Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in Prince Edward Island, 11. It is calculated as 4.33 times the standard hours per week if an hourly wage is given. Here are the minimum wage rates per hour in PEI showing the last ten raises: An employer who provides boarding and lodging to an employee can deduct the following amounts from their wages: Learn more about the minimum wage order in PEI here. carpenter and electrician) earn $34.91 per hour; Category B Class workers (e.g. The minimum wage is the lowest hourly pay an employer can legally pay an employee whether they work part-time or full-time. Historical minimum wage rates in Canada The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. A bunch of other tax credits (refundable and non-refundable) also lower your taxable income or taxes owed. Under the Canadian Constitution, the responsibility for enacting and enforcing labour laws, including the minimum wage, rests with the ten provinces as well as the three territories which have been granted this power by federal legislation. Other provinces and territories adopted similar measures in subsequent years, and the final minimum wage legislation was enacted in Prince Edward Island in 1960. The province has the third-largest total GDP and it has a significant agricultural, oil and gas, and tourism industry. The minimum wage in New Brunswick is $11.70 per hour. Ontario, Saskatchewan, Quebec, and Nova Scotia followed suit in 1920. When an employer provides board and/or lodging, they can deduct up to $0.65 per meal and $0.80 for lodging per day. You will also receive our FREE e-Book! How to Live on Minimum Wage. $11.90. This rate is indexed to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and is expected to increase to $11.45 per hour on October 1, 2020. Each province/territory also has a basic personal amount that reduces or eliminates your provincial income tax. There are a total of 10 job classifications in the heavy construction industry and minimum wages range from $12.75 to $25.25. The minimum wage in Canada is still only $12.15 per hour. Official title: Information on labour standards - Pamphlet 2 Minimum wages, Part III of the Canada Labour Code (Labour standards) The minimum wage for employees under federal jurisdiction is the general adult minimum wage rate established in each province and … Effective as of April 1, 2020. The minimum wage rate in Ontario is currently $14.00 per hour. The historical minimum hourly wage rates in Nunavut are: The Labour Standards Act does not apply to trappers and individuals employed in commercial fisheries. The minimum wage is adjusted on April 1 of each year relative to the Consumer Price Index. The federal tax brackets and rates in 2020 are: Your taxable income is reduced by various deductions and credits. The previous NDP government raised the minimum wage in Alberta from $10.20 per hour to $15 over a 3-year period (2015-2018). Your email address will not be published. View for more information. The regulation in N.W.T. That’s more than 4 million workers. September 15, 2017 – $11.35 per hour June 1, 2018 – $12.65 per hour June 1, 2019 – $13.85 per hour Related: Alberta Tax Brackets and Tax Rates. Over the years, the minimum wage in Canada … The minimum wage in B.C. Saskatchewan’s population was estimated at 1,181,987 people in the second quarter of 2020, making it the sixth most populous province in Canada. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines the minimum wage for employees in private and public sectors, in both Federal and State governments. Further increases are expected in 2021, with a plan to reach $12.65 on October 1, 2021, plus any increases based on the National Consumer Price Index. The last ten minimum wage increases in New Brunswick are as follows: A different minimum wage schedule applies to workers in crown building construction. Minimum wages are also set and adjusted in different ways: in legislation or regulations; by the government-of-the-day or an independent board; and based on inflation, average wage rates or other economic factors. Effective as of October 1, 2020. Canada's Minimum Wage is the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work. The minimum wage in Canada varies by the province and territory you reside in. A federal minimum wage remained in effect until 1996, when it was decided that provinces would each set their own minimum wage and federal workers would be paid according to the province in which they did most of their work. General - $11.90 as of October 1, 2020 (up from $11.65). Stakeholder perspective 6. Minimum wage rates in Ontario are tied to the Ontario Consumer Price Index. Related: Free Chequing Accounts in Canada. For more details about the Yukon’s employment standards, click here. The minimum wage jobs were primarily an entry point into the workforce. An employer cannot also make you pay for a cash shortage unless you are the only one with access to the money and you agree to the deduction. Get more details about NL’s labour standards here. Yukon minimum wage As of April 1, 2020 the minimum wage is increased to $13.71 per hour. Effective as of April 1, 2020. It is indexed to New Brunswick’s CPI and rounded to the nearest five cents. The Northwest Territories (NWT) is the most populous of Canada’s three territories and has an estimated 44,982 people. Each Canadian province and territory has a varying labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate (minimum wage) that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Manitoba’s minimum pay rates over the last decade are: In Manitoba, the minimum wage of $11.65 applies to all employees regardless of their age, with some exeptions. Just 20.8% of minimum wage earners are spouses that are working full time. Ontario’s minimum wage rates over the last ten updates are as follows: Some types of employees have minimum wages different from the general rate. For more details about the minimum wage in Saskatchewan, click here. Ontario and Alberta have the highest minimum wages in Canada. Wages in Canada increased to 27.08 CAD/Hour in September from 27.03 CAD/Hour in August of 2020. Increases to the minimum wage are based on the province’s Consumer Price Index. May 1, 2020. People working as an electrician in Canada usually earn between $$17.29/hour and $$44.00/hour. Manitoba has the fifth-largest population in Canada with an estimated 1,379,121 people. flag person and labourer) earn $25.19 per hour. NWT has the highest per capita GDP in Canada at $108,065 and its economy is largely resource based. The data stands in stark contrast to the narratives pushed by right-wing think tanks and other business groups opposed to minimum wage … The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. The minimum wage is lower if you are under 21. Different work situations affect the minimum wage in some provinces, too. Visit my website: http://metv.cool If you love my lessons, you could buy me a coffee! Here are the current minimum wages by province: By comparison, the United States minimum wage is $7.25 U.S per hour, though a number of states pay higher than that; up to $8.85 for Washington state. Some provinces allow lower wages to be paid to liquor servers and other gratuity earners or to inexperienced employees. Please read our, KOHO Metal Card: Cash Back Rewards and 16gms of Premium Goodness. The minimum wage rates are subject to change annually. The minimum wages per hour in Nova Scotia during the last decade are as follows: The minimum wage in Nova Scotia does not apply to real estate and car salespeople, insurance agents, employees on a fishing boat, employees at a non-profit playground or summer camp, some farmworkers, apprentices, and some domestic workers. Today, one of its main purposes is to protect non-unionized workers in unskilled jobs, although it can also influence, directly or indirectly, the level of compensation of other employees as well. In 2015, the highest rate ($11.49 per hour in the Northwest Territories) Minimum Wage Newfoundland and Labrador 2020, Newfoundland and Labrador Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in Newfoundland and Labrador, 10. Employees who receive tips earn a minimum wage of $10.45 per hour, while raspberry and strawberry pickers receive $3.89/kg and $1.04/kg respectively. There are plans for ta … Canada's minimum wage is set by each province and territory; and ranges from ranges from C$10.45 to C$13.00 per hour. Canada Dec 18, 2019 Related: British Columbia Training and Education Savings Grant. Communities across Canada are responding to the increasingly high levels of low wage poverty. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are … The minimum wage in the Northwest Territories is $13.46 per hour. In Canada, the minimum wages are different among the provinces or territories, range from $11.06 per hour in Saskatchewan to $15 per hour in Alberta. Selected bibliography Flat-rate mechanics and commission salespeople who are paid by incentive must earn the minimum wage in each pay period. Some wage deductions are illegal in Canada. Minimum Wage in the Northwest Territories 2020, The Northwest Territories Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in the Northwest Territories, British Columbia Training and Education Savings Grant, AISH Benefit Application and Payment Dates in 2020, Statutory Holidays in Canada 2020-2021: A Guide to Federal and Provincial Stat Holidays, How To Apply for The CERB $2000 PER MONTH Benefit, Mortgage Life Insurance vs. Life Insurance, Guaranteed Approval Loans for Poor and Bad Credit in Canada, 2021 TFSA Limit, Contribution Room, and Over-Contribution Penalties, Qtrade Review: Top Trading Platform in Canada, $68.20 for borading and lodging each week, April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021: $440 per week, April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022: $501.60 per week, Health benefits (insurance) premiums (voluntary). So how many workers benefit directly from a $15 minimum wage? What the research says 5. The minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1st, 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour. The lower-end job was the ideal place to learn about the real world, how to … The odds of a minimum wage worker being able to afford a one- or two-bedroom apartment in just about every city in Canada are next to nil, a new report from an Ottawa-based think-tank says. Its economy ranks number ninth and prominent industries include agriculture, forestry, mining and fishing. The province also has the second largest economy, with the services and manufacturing sectors dominating. Income tax is levied on your total taxable income which will vary based on the total number of hours you work during the year. In this case, they are entitled to the general minimum wage. The minimum wage rate applicable in regard to employees under federal jurisdiction is the general adult minimum rate of the province or territory where the employee is … If an employee receives from his employer benefits having a pecuniary value, such as the use of an automobile or accommodations, this must not reduce his wage below the minimum wage rate. It’s GDP is also the tenth largest in Canada at $6.652 billion as of 2017. A new study quietly released by Statistics Canada finds that between 1998 and 2018, the percentage of Canadians with minimum wage has doubled, with one-in-three minimum wage workers also holding postsecondary degrees.. Minimum Wage in Canada 2015-2016. Effective as of April 1, 2020. The minimum wage, the lowest hourly amount that an employee may be paid for their labor, is determined by both state and Federal labor laws in the United States.Under the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act, states and localities are permitted to set their own minimum wage rates, which will take precedence over the Federal minimum wage rate if they are higher. Nova Scotia used to have the lowest minimum wage in Canada until the province increased it to $11.55 on April 1, 2019. Related: Best Personal Loans for Bad Credit. Assuming a 40-hour workweek and 52 paid weeks per year, the annual gross employment income of an individual earning the minimum wage in Canada is between C$23,545.60 (in Saskatchewan) and C$31,200 (in Alberta). Raspberry and strawberry pickers get a top-up on wages when the yield is affected by the condition of the fields and other factors beyond their control. For more information on minimum wages and employment standards in Ontario, click here. An increase in the minimum wage occurs on April 1st and is announced in advance in January. $10.05. This amount is in addition to tips or gratuities received. Live-in home support workers are paid a minimum rate of $113.50 per day or part day worked. Learn more on Minimum-Wage.ca. Minimum wage in Canada: By the numbers. It also has the seventh largest GDP in Canada with an economy reliant on manufacturing, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism. Minimum Wage in Canada 2015- 2016: Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada. In cases where an employee is subject to both the state and federal minimum wage laws, the employee is entitled to the higher of the two minimum wages. Resident caretakers are paid a minimum wage per month based on the number of suites in their apartment building. The minimum wage in Newfoundland and Labrador is $11.65 per hour as of April 1, 2020. The current minimum wage in Saskatchewan is $11.32 per hour. Related: Best Ways for Teens To Make Money. Welcome to the new economy. Starting on October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is set to increase by 25 cents to $14.25 per hour. View 76030 job postings in various locations on Job Bank, Canada's one-stop job board. 2020, Canadian, Federal & Provincial minimum wage tables for calculating payroll. If board is provided by an employer to an employee, they can deduct up to $0.65 for each meal. Security Guard - $12.50. Enoch Omololu is a personal finance blogger and a veterinarian. Liquor servers earn a minimum $12.20 per hour, and homeworkers earn $15.40 per hour. It is expected to increase to $15.20 per hour by June 1, 2021. Minimum wage does not apply to employees under 17. Next Minimum Wage updation due on: Qubec: The Quebec government has announced the minimum wage will be raised by 25 cents on May 1, 2013. 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