D. Dynazty Lyrics. ", – "War is also interrupted (or moderated), and thus made even more a gamble, by: the superiority of defense over offense; imperfect knowledge of the situation; and the element of chance. As war always intertwines with policy, he felt that at the highest levels of command, a military genius understood how military strategy and operations connected with policy. • Theory becomes infinitely more difficult as soon as it touches the realm of moral values. "But the aim of disarming the enemy (the object of war in the abstract . "But defense has a passive purpose: preservation; and attack a positive one: conquest. presence of mind definition: 1. the ability to make good decisions and to act quickly and calmly in a difficult situation or an…. Presence of Mind- “We admire presence of mind in an apt repartee, as we admire quick thinking in the face of danger. . . But "it is equally true that by its very nature surprise can rarely be outstandingly successful. #Determination #Military #Persistence “No one starts a war--or rather, no one in his sense ought to do so--without first being clear in his mind what he intends to achieve by the war and how he intends to conduct it.”-- Carl von Clausewitz . The end for which a soldier is recruited, clothed, armed, and trained, the whole object of his sleeping, eating, drinking, and marching is simply that he should fight at the right place and the right time. The aim will determine the series of actions intended to achieve it. ", "When we speak of destroying the enemy's forces we must emphasize that nothing obliges us to limit this idea to physical forces: the moral element must also be considered. It reveals "War," stripped of all accessories, as the exercise of force for the attainment of a political object, unrestrained by any law save that of expediency, and thus gives the key to the interpretation of German political aims, past, present, and … Its coherence and ambition are unmatched by other military literature. No human characteristic appears so suited to the task of directing and inspiring strategy. . ). It is a blood sport. the only sound expedient is to make the commander-in-chief a member of the cabinet.". . . In his works, Clausewitz diligently avoided the character and measure of judgment to adjust to any general theory. In strategy surprise becomes more feasible the closer it occurs to the tactical realm, and more difficult, the more it approaches the higher levels of policy. . . Today, the military is grappling with what comprises the human dimension and how this manifests in the warriors that America sends into battle. "Whenever armed forces . We must never lack calmness and firmness, which are so hard to preserve in time of war. . Learn more. • As of 10 Jul 1827, Clausewitz regarded the first six books "merely as a rather formless mass that must be thoroughly reworked once more." . .  On War, Carl von Clausewitz, ed. Although it is outright heresy to call into question the writing of the master in some circles, when looking at the external validity of the description, he has provided only one data point as one looks at human phenomena of war throughout history. . More importantly, a few warriors just may benefit from Clausewitz’s ideas as they strive for the lofty goal of someday becoming military geniuses themselves. Submit Corrections. . Often the cost of this additional defense negates or even outweighs the advantages of our limited offensive. deep and philosophical analysis of "War" by Clausewitz. . . However, with so much information at hand, the risk of information overload is a very real problem. When one is driving one needs to be completely focused. This is the standard, though not the best, English translation. Clausewitz’s description of the interplay of mind and temperament is similar to ongoing discussions of the physical, social, and cognitive traits that warriors require to win in a complex world. the kind of war on which they are embarking. . Here are some best examples of presence of mind that one can correlate with. . 89 quotes from Carl von Clausewitz: 'If the mind is to emerge unscathed from this relentless struggle with the unforeseen, two qualities are indispensable: first, an intellect that, even in the darkest hour, retains some glimmerings of the inner light which leads to truth; and second, the courage to follow this faint light wherever it may lead. Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general and military thinker, whose work Vom Kriege (1832; On War) has become one of the most respected classics on military strategy. ", "Strength of mind or of character" is "the ability to keep one's head at times of exceptional stress and violent emotion.". Overall, Clausewitz has provided a description of military genius as a rare and special combination of traits that is still relevant today. The effects of physical and psychological factors form an organic whole. All elaborations are subplots of … On the eve of Napoleon's invasion of Russia (1812) he, like other German patriots, entered Russian service where he distinguished himself and was partially responsible for the Russians' successful strategic retreat. . • "Theory need not be a positive doctrine, a sort of manual for action. . . Although the similarities are pronounced, Clausewitz never states this outright. . – However, war never achieves its absolute nature because: "war is never an isolated act;" "war does not consist of a single short blow;" and "in war the result is never final. an act of force to compel our enemy to do our will.". . Presence of Mind is replaced with Triumph on champions that do not use mana or energy. . . . [x] the laws of probability. . • "The acts we consider most important for the defeat of the enemy are . . ", "Results are of two kinds: direct and indirect. See more ideas about carl von clausewitz, military history, vons. ; [that] has been steeled by training in privation and effort; . . . ", "Many intelligence reports in war are contradictory; even more are false, and most are uncertain. Strategy is generally understood as that which links military means and political ends. The views expressed in this piece are theirs alone and do not represent the U.S. Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. Even if no actual fighting occurs . That is the point against which all our energies should be directed.". Simply the destruction of his forces, whether by death, injury, or any other means—either completely or enough to make him stop fighting. In his classic work, On War, Carl von Clausewitz wr-te a short yet very discerning and insightful chapter entitled, "On Military Genius.3 He defines courage, presence of mind, strength of will, ambition, strong character, grasp of topography, and statesmanship as qualities necessary for military genius. – Destruction of his army, if it is at all significant, – Seizure of his capital if it is not only the center of administration but also that of social, professional, and political activity, – Delivery of an effective blow against his principal ally if that ally is more powerful than he. This included the ability to face danger personally and the courage to accept responsibility. is nothing but an increased capacity of dealing with the unexpected.".  Donald Stoker, Clausewitz: His Life and Work (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 30; Marie von Clausewitz, “Erinnerung an den General Clausewitz und sein Verhältniß zu Scharnhorst,” in Carl von Clausewitz, “On the Life and Character of Scharnhorst” (1817), in Peter Paret and Daniel Moran, ed. . . . If Napoleon was the military genius Clausewitz described, it raises the question how well a Prussian on the other side of the Napoleonic wars could observe, know, or understand the true essence of Napoleon’s genius. As a veteran of the Napoleonic wars, and war in general from a very young age, the internal validity of Clausewitz’s argument is quite strong. "Energy in action varies in proportion to the strength of its motive." ", "We have identified danger, physical exertion, intelligence, and friction as the elements that coalesce to form the atmosphere of war, and turn it into a medium that impedes activity. Superiority . Neither needs to be exceptional, so long as it meets the situation.”  Grant discovered the enemy broke through one of General McClernand’s … Obwohl der Vater wegen nichtadeliger Herkunft aus der Armee entlassen und sein Gesuch auf Wiedereinstellung von Friedrich dem Großen abgelehnt worden war, fanden sowohl Carl als auch zwei seiner Brüder in einem rein adelig… His description of courage highlighted the quality as the ability to carry out the physical requirements to make what the intellect envisioned happen. that is mindful of the honor of its arms—such an army is imbued with the true military spirit. ", • As of 1830, Clausewitz still regarded his manuscript "as nothing but a collection of materials from which a theory of war was to have been distilled. . But that theoretical concept is not borne out in practice because of a "vast array of factors, forces, and conditions in national affairs that are affected by war. . Presence of Mind- “We admire presence of mind in an apt repartee, as we admire quick thinking in the face of danger. ; [that] will not lose the strength to obey orders and its respect and trust for its officers . To Clausewitz, this included the ability to exercise self-control, keep one’s ego in check, and avoid becoming obstinate. It is an analytical investigation leading to a close acquaintance with the subject. ", • Although the concept of defense is parrying a blow and its characteristic feature is awaiting the blow, "if we are really waging war, we must return the enemy's blows. Comprehensive knowledge Boldness. I was a Training Manager for two major newspaper and magazine publishers for over 20 years. At Presence Of The Mind, we work to enhance positive mental wellbeing by preventing and addressing mental health and promoting positive mental wellbeing. . and of its element of subordination, as an instrument of policy.". . This likelihood "should be enough to call for the utmost possible concentration of strength. In these cases your presence of mind is tested "Superiority of numbers is the most common element in victory. This article by historian of science Alan D. Beyerchen is an excellent introduction to mathematical nonlinearity. . Here the General’s staff is also culpable. . . Of all the passions none is more powerful than ambition. . ", "If no one had the right to give his views on military operations except when he is frozen, or faint from heat and thirst, or depressed from privation and fatigue, objective and accurate views would be even rarer than they are. . . [...] in 1797 the secret of the effectiveness of resisting to the last … . . . ", • "No major proposal required for war can be worked out in ignorance of political factors. . . Specifically, champions with long cooldowns can't benefit from its current effect, so we're moving it back to a more generic power that is consistent across all champions. . .  Ibid. This idea is also found in Clausewitz's Principles of War when he stated that ‘even when the likelihood of success is against us, we must not think of our undertaking as unreasonable or impossible; for it is always reasonable, if we do not know of anything better to do, and if we make the best use of the few means …  Today, with computer mapping software and real-time intelligence, commanders can visualize the battlefield in three dimensions with a high degree of detail and precision. . • "It is of course well known that the only source of war is politics—the intercourse of governments and peoples. Presence of Mind (p. 103). The military genius acted in a positive manner and had the ability to manifest personal will power physically through their endurance, staunchness, and energy. Have a response or an idea for your own article? [i] Strategic theory is a way of understanding and practicing strategy; but what exactly would make strategic theory Clausewitzian as... View Article The presence of Madame de Staël’s writings (61-63) would not surprise Clausewitz’s biographers, as he spent time in her home in Coppete on Geneva Lake in 1807 and admired her vivacious mind. . ", "Is there any lubricant that will reduce this abrasion? How Clausewitz and Neuroscience Inluence Future War-Fighter Readiness Maj Michael J. Cheatham, USAF It is immensely important that no soldier, whatever his rank, should wait for war to expose him to those aspects of active service that amaze and confuse him when he irst comes across them. Suppose a person realizes that their breaks have failed then owing to the general human tendency, he/she would panic and take a wrong decision. Clausewitz’s Military Genius and the #Human Dimension, Reversibility in the Army: More Than Industrial Age Conscription. . Principles of war are rules and guidelines that represent truths in the practice of war and military operations.. An able general should be a genius who raises himself above the rules, a person of strong presence of mind, who is capable of simplifying and … While you might be tempted to only use it for dps, it can be very useful when applied creatively. Sense of locality (spatial awareness) Self-control. • "If war is part of policy, policy will determine its character. Clausewitz warns that this reversed relationship is unacceptable when he mandates “Under no circumstances can the art of war be regarded as the preceptor of policy” (Clausewitz , 706). We must always keep the main thing the main thing. They cannot be classified or counted. Another key quality of Clausewitz’s military genius was that they had a firm grasp of policy. Although we know much more about how the human mind works today, there exists a simple and beautiful elegance in Clausewitz’s work that still rings true. by Howard and Paret, 1984, p. 100–112 Ibid. But they seldom are fully known. The relationship between warfare and terrain demands "the faculty of quickly and accurately grasping the topography of any area. What the theorist has to say here is this: one must keep the dominant characteristics of both belligerents in mind. . Clausewitz’s model of military genius, as the rest of his opus, is comprehensive and nothing short of brilliant. That is the point … No distractions; no sideshows. . . ", • "Fighting is the central military act. . . Knowledge must be so absorbed into the mind that it ceases to exist in a separate, objective way. .  Ibid.  Blink, Malcom Gladwell, 2005, 48. . . ", "If we do not learn to regard a war, and the separate campaigns of which it is composed, as a chain of linked engagements each leading to the next, but instead succumb to the idea that the capture of certain geographical points or the seizure of undefended provinces are of value in themselves, we are liable to regard them as windfall profits. In another case, birdwatchers use the term gissto describe how inexplicably an experienced birdwatcher knows ahead of time where to spot a certain bird. Consider the more modern versions and other relevant books shown below. Winship and Lieut. . If a general officer continually services their own thoughts and pet theories, their cognitive processes take on the quality of mental masturbation in the guise of intellectual rigor. Engagements mean fighting. trans. . One could draw similarities between Clausewitz’s description of military genius and Napoleon himself, and make the conclusion that Napoleon is the embodiment of the model. . Focused alertness, quick-thinking resourcefulness, stability of thought and feeling, or good sense, especially in spite of circumstances which are distracting, stressful, or otherwise challenging.. 1722, Daniel Defoe, Moll Flanders, ch. . . . As such, a military genius had strength of mind and character. In his time, a commander relied on maps of questionable accuracy, military scouts, and spies. ", "Genius refers to a very highly developed mental aptitude for a particular occupation.  On War, Carl von Clausewitz, ed. On takedowns, champions that use energy as a resource restore 30 energy, increased to 60 energy for Shen. The staff must avoid the natural tendency to appeal to authority and to yield to groupthink. Clausewitz concludes that war is never an isolated act and that a positive theory (a system) on the art of war is impossible. The earliest known principles of war were documented by Sun Tzu, circa 500 BCE. The present article’s task is essentially conservative. are used, the idea of combat must be present. confers a special significance . The hope is that this interpretation of Clausewitz’s military genius informs the continued discussion concerning the human dimension. In no way does this degrade the depth or importance of his work, nor minimize his impact on military thought. ", – "War is not a mere act of policy but a true political instrument, a continuation of political activity by other means. Here's a link to another This article explores Clausewitz’s description of military genius as a point of discussion in the ongoing human dimension dialogue. Now that we have demonstrated what Clausewitz believed, we address the notion of connecting the two seemingly competing entities of politics and armed conflict. can obviously reach the point where it is overwhelming. Coup d’oeil is the ability to grasp a sense of things and make prudent decisions intuitively with presence of mind with an inward looking-eye. . "The theory of war proper, on the other hand, is concerned with the use of these means, once they have been developed, for the purposes of the war. album: "The Dark Delight" (2020) Presence Of Mind. In formulating any rule concerning physical factors, the theorist must bear in mind the part that moral factors may play in it.". . ", "The novice cannot pass through these layers of increasing intensity of danger without sensing that here ideas are governed by other factors, that the light of reason is refracted in a quite different from that which is normal in academic speculation. It is itself a form of deceit. the end is victory." that war is simply a continuation of political intercourse, with the addition of other means. E.E. . Clausewitz enlisted in the Prussian army in 1792, and in 1793–95 he took part (and was commissioned) in … . Thus "two kinds of limited war are possible: offensive war with a limited aim, and defensive war.". Carl von Clausewitz: Carl Von Clausewitz, 1780-1831, a prolific writer on strategy of the same period, produced On War and The Principles of War. Carl von Clausewitz's On War has been called, "not simply the greatest, but the only truly great book on war." War of course involves a contest of physical force. . It must be granted a certain power over and above successful calculations involving space, time, and magnitude of forces. . 131 Clausewitz quoted in Paret, Clausewitz and the State (note 32) p.302. I’m a major in the US Army, but until recently I hadn’t read Carl von Clausewitz’s On War, often considered the seminal work on military theory.. Clausewitz war der Sohn des Steuereinnehmers Friedrich Gabriel Clauswitz (17401802) und dessen Ehefrau Friederike Dorothea Charlotte, geborene Schmidt (17461811). "The best strategy is always to be very strong; first in general, and then at the decisive point. the outcome rests on the assumption that if it came to fighting, the enemy would be destroyed. Now certainly courage is quite compatible with prudent calculation, but still they are things of quite a different kind, essentially different qualities of the mind; on the other hand, daring reliance on good fortune, boldness, rashness, are only expressions of courage, and all these propensities of the mind look for the fortuitous (or accidental), because it is their element. Since in war too small an effort can result not just in failure, but in positive harm, each side is driven to outdo the other, which sets up an interaction.". In the 1980s and 1990s, an inane, mind-numbing, near-theological discussion of … Unfortunately, they will not yield to academic wisdom. The complete or partial destruction of the enemy must be regarded as the sole object of all engagements. * This essay is reproduced (with minor editing) from the 1854 American translation of Jomini's The Artof War, trans. Clausewitz’s view of war’s inherent political nature was influenced by Bülow’s writing, which ultimately gives us the oft-quoted “war is the continuation of politics by other means.” Even at 25, battle, war, politics, all hang together in Clausewitz’s mind—integrated—and shot-through with purpose. Ignore: A winning strategy requires a disciplined mind and a steadfast character. . we consider the pure concept of war . 3.26.1–33). This encompasses "three broad objectives, which between them cover everything: destroying the enemy's armed forces; occupying his country; and breaking his will to continue the struggle. . 89 quotes from Carl von Clausewitz: 'If the mind is to emerge unscathed from this relentless struggle with the unforeseen, two qualities are indispensable: first, an intellect that, even in the darkest hour, retains some glimmerings of the inner light which leads to truth; and second, the courage to follow this faint light wherever it may lead. . . Thus a defensive campaign can be fought with offensive battles. The set of quotations below—collected by then-National War College professor Lani Kass—has a certain continuity and conveys a better sense of the whole than most we have seen. . . . It is easy for the ambitious staff officer to be tempted to reflect the boss’s ideas back to them in the products they produce. ", The moral elements [everything that is created by intellectual and psychological qualities and influences] are among the most important in war. presuppose[s] great physical or moral superiority or else an extremely enterprising spirit. How to say presence of mind.  Ibid. – The second principle is: act with the utmost speed [every unnecessary expenditure of time and every unnecessary detour is a waste of strength; take the shortest possible road to the goal].". It will at least serve the whole by indicating the direction I meant to follow everywhere. Clausewitz, however, emphasizes the definitive importance of “moral factors,” or what we think of as morale. . . ", "War is the realm of danger; therefore courage is the soldier's first requirement", "War is the realm of physical exertion and suffering. . . ", • "Tactics teaches the use of armed forces in the engagement; strategy, the use of engagements for the object of the war. . The destruction of the enemy's forces is always the means by which the purpose of the engagement is achieved. ", "In war more than anywhere else things do not turn out as we expect. its aim would have always and solely to be to overcome the enemy and disarm him." Policy is the guiding intelligence and war only the instrument, not vice versa. It also demonstrates that the world-view of the famous 19th century Prussian military theorist Carl von Clausewitz can easily be described in nonlinear terms. "Presence of mind . . . Identity wars as centered on culture are an example of the failure of the Clausewitzian paradigm. . ", "Cunning implies secret purpose.  Still today, the higher the military genius rises through the ranks the more important his or her understanding of policy becomes to their success. . 1.Driving. on the engagement: it assigns a particular aim to it.". . The possession of provinces, cities, fortresses, roads, bridges, munitions dumps, etc., may be the immediate object of an engagement, but can never be the final one. are: the skill of the commander, the experience and courage of the troops, and their patriotic spirit. Clausewitz is among the worst of those great strategists who’s been abused in such a way—Clausewitz’ sage wisdom was invoked in 2002 to justify the Iraq War, then afterwards to repudiate it. This leaves room for the reader to assume that he could have adjusted his model based on Napoleon’s failings. . Had Clausewitz furnished his sophisticated mind with other intellectual dimensions, Keegan insisted, he would have been able to conceive war beyond politics—war as an expression of culture (1993, 21–22). If defense is the stronger form of war, yet has a negative object, if follows that it should be used only so long as weakness compels, and be abandoned as soon as we are strong enough to pursue a positive object.". It will contest this narrative of an evolving nature of war both theoretically and historically. • We can also undertake a limited defensive war, of which there are two distinct kinds. There is no questioning that he is an expert in the field, and arguably an expert for all time. Since both belligerents hold that view, it would follow that military operations could not be suspended . . . . Presence of mind Strength of character. ", • In the defense of a theater, "the importance of possessing the country increases, the less a decision is actively sought by the belligerents." ", “There are only two sources for this spirit. All these attempts are objectionable, however, because they aim at fixed values. ‘But I was thrilled that Ashley was able to have the presence of mind to talk to him.’ ‘But the contestants should also have presence of mind, and, if it is not asking for too much, be smart.’ ‘Hospital sources said the girls had shown good presence of mind by running away when they saw a … AZLyrics. . Rightfully so, the individual can interpret the model presented here and apply it however they wish. Clausewitz had noted, the Prussian philosopher did not reject the idea that war was a phenomenon capable of mastery through study. The military genius kept his or her head and thought rationally, even when others failed to. The revision would aim to bring out the two kinds of war more clearly: first, war that aimed to "overthrow the enemy;" and second, war that aimed "merely to occupy some of his frontier districts." Chanakya in his Arthashastra circa 350BCE. are those objects which will lead directly to peace." . That Clausewitz explicitly identifies critical analysis as a narrative exercise means that it must amount to something like a reenactment, or simulation. Source: Carl von Clausewitz, On War, trans. Its coherence and ambition are unmatched by other military literature. When the war is governed by the urge for a decision, however, "such a decision may be made up of a single battle or a series of major engagements." Birth or training must provide us with a certain strength of body and soul. . ", • "What do we mean by the defeat of the enemy? Clausewitz’s definition gives us the theoretical superstructure for thinking and acting strategically. . Any kind of interruption, pause, or suspension of activity is inconsistent with the nature of offensive war. Jomini and Clausewitz disagreed over the question of whether war is a science or an art. . until one or other side were finally defeated." "Energy in action varies in proportion to the strength of its motive." Yet, in many aspects, they were in striking agreement with each other. that cannot be shaken by fears . ", – "The first, the supreme, the most far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and commander have to make is to establish . Clausewitz (1780-1831) entered the Prussian army at the age of 12 and managed to gain admission to the War College in Berlin in 1801. page 4 / 492 ", "Inability to carry on the struggle can, in practice, be replaced by two other grounds for making peace: the first is the improbability of victory; the second is its unacceptable cost.". • "War is . An able general should be a genius who raises himself above the rules, a person of strong presence of mind, who is capable of simplifying and … Out of these characteristics a certain center of gravity develops, the hub of all power and movement, on which everything depends. The difficulties accumulate and end by producing a kind of friction. Clausewitz understood this as a gift inherent in a brilliant commander that allowed the genius to see what others could not. • Thus it is easier to use theory to organize, plan, and conduct an engagement than it is to use it in determining the engagement’s purpose.  He also aimed to make clear the point that "war is nothing but the continuation of policy with other means. English  Noun . The strategist must therefore define an aim for the entire operational side of the war that will be in accordance with its purpose. ", “In what field of human activity is boldness more at home than in war? taught by Clausewitz has created a condition of molecular tension in the minds of the Nations they govern analogous to the "critical temperature of water heated above boiling-point under pressure," which may at any moment bring about an explosion which they will be powerless to control.
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